In time, societies progress and as things change, procedures that pertain to our survival also change. Because water is simply vital to our existence, ways of effectively gathering and recycling water has been developed through the years. Continually developing from the past to the present is the technology of waste water management.
Compared to those used in ancient times by our forefathers, we have more efficient waste water management systems nowadays. However, it is undeniable that what they did in the past truly helped have a better understanding of effective systems. This article will allow you to be in the know when it comes to the basics of modern waste water management.
Waste water contains harmful contaminants and waste water management or sewage treatment pertains to how waste water is treated and cleaned. We have waste water because we use water daily. It is waste water that originates from household sewage and industrial operators.
When it comes to waste water management, it is done for the sake of sanitation and public health. When it comes to diseases like cholera and typhoid fever, contaminated water is mostly to blame. The main purpose of waste water management is to protect our sources of water since it is an invaluable resource apart from the general health of the society.
As of today, our sources for water are rather limited and so we have to save as much of it as we could. As predicted by the United Nations World Water development report back in 2003, the next 20 years will experience a 30 to 40% decrease when it comes to the global water supply. When it comes to these frightening statistics, the need to have effective waste water management procedures becomes more essential.
How do systems for waste water management work? Expect some alterations depending on the location of the treatment facility but in essence four fundamental stages are involved. The first one is the pre-treatment process.
Basically, this is where the water is strained, screened, and analyzed. Debris like stones, branches, and leaves should be removed from the seamless gutter systems . Considering that the waste water came from an industrial factory, the grease and lubricants they used will be combined with the waste water and this is what the pre=treatment process cleans up.
After analyzing the waste water that has gone through pre-treatment process, actual primary treatment will take place. The sediments from the waste water will sink at the bottom of primary clarifier tanks while the grease and oils it contains will float. Chemicals will be introduced after the sediments at the bottom and the floating grease are removed and this is because the water will still contain bacteria.
When it comes to waste water management, the third step focuses on making sure that the water is now safe enough to be released into designated grounds and other natural bodies of water. During the third stage, the harmful microorganisms in the waste water are removed as chemicals are introduced. Disinfection is what the fourth stage of waste water management is.
Usually, chlorine is used as a disinfectant to produce clean potable water. With the dawn of various environmental issues, our researchers and scientists are still hard at work looking for more effective ways of waste water management. Dealing with water can be done with greener and more practical methods and this is what people want despite how effective our current system already is.