The source of water supply to a building depends on many factors, such as, location restrictions, your specific preference and expense factors etc. The water supplies can be from metered municipal water system, from wells, tapped springs or rivers, or even from rainwater storage.
However, irrespective of whatever the water supply is, the connection to the home is always at a single point. When the water supply is through metered municipal water system, the entire domestic water cycle is formed outside the internal distribution system. On the other hand, in all other cases, the entire cycle must be formed independently. The later water supply systems are popular in homes that are further from cities or other populated areas, where they cannot be connected with a municipal system. In this form of water supply, the piping system consists of various taps, fixtures, and appliances, while the drainage exits through the sewage drain system. Let us examine how does the internal distribution system work.
Taps, Fixtures and Appliances
Taps, fixtures, and appliances are very important components of a water supply system. They all are used in some form of water falls. Taps are used as water outlets, and they do not accompany any fixture. Fixtures include toilet, water closet, sink, washbasin, bathtub etc.
Fixtures do not require any additional source of power to use water. Appliances are specific devices for specific purposes, and they require an additional source of power to perform their function. Appliances may include washing machine, dishwasher, icemaker etc. The connection to these appliances work on the concept of a back flow prevention principle. These principles may include either or both the mechanical and physical principles.
This way, they all have their own functions to perform, while they also produce some form of waste or sewage. The sewage drain system is used to remove such waste.
Supply System for Cold Water
Cold water supply is nothing but an external water supply. However, cold water supply system can also use filter, water softener appliances, or any other fixture. The connection for the cold water system is done in such a way that other appliances could receive it through fixtures and taps. Such appliances include sinks, hot water heaters, faucets, bathtubs, showers etc.
Supply System for Hot Water
There are certain appliances that can be used to provide hot water, such as water heaters. Cold water supply system supplies a volume of water to such appliances, where they heat the water and provide hot water.
The hot water thus produced is then fed to various fixtures and taps so that the appliances that require hot water could receive it. The appliances that may require hot water include washing machine, sinks, bathtubs, showers etc.
Waste Water Drain System
The wastewater drain system is used to dispose the wastewater produced by various appliances. In this process, the wastewater is transferred through sewage drain system to the sewage removal system.
Wastewater drain system use piping of a larger diameter and some water traps. Moreover, this system is designed and installed in such a way that the toxic gases and other odors could be prevented from entering the living place.
Hence, here we see which components a water supply system uses and how do they work as a system.